Anasara of Lord Jagannath is a ceremony where the three deities are kept away from the public sight. The period of illness is marked when the deities are placed on the floor in front of the inner sanctum. This period is known as ‘Anasara’ or ‘Anavasara’ period initiates from Jyestha Purnima and ends with Ashadha Amavasya.
During these days, the Gods stay away from the public view and there is a need for substitute deities for the public and to whom daily rituals can be offered at temple, so during this time three patta paintings of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Goddess Subhadra are worshipped in the Jagannatha Temple of Puri.
As part of Gupta Seva (secret rituals) during period of Anasara, the Chaturdha Murti are undergoing treatment as per the rules written in scriptures. Under the system, the successors of Biswabasu and Bidyapati (major servitors) are entitled to massage herbal oil on the bodies of lords before removing pastes made from herbs applied on the ailing lords. According to the system, the servitors have applied the Phuluri oil on bodies of Chaturdha Murti (Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Devi Subhadhra along with Sudharshan) on the pedestal of Anasara house on Wednesday.
The Phuluri oil is provided by Odia mutt. The compositions of the oil are — pure sesame oil, roots of Bena, different fragrant flowers like Jasmine, Jui, Malli. The sesame oil is the base oil of the Phuluri oil. The oil mixed with all the above ingredients is kept in an earthen pot. The pot is sealed with clay and kept in underground since Hera Panchami to Anasara period every year. During Anasara rituals, the Phuluri oil is sent to the temple for treatment of lords, who fall sick (fever) for 14 days after having holy bath on Snana Purnima.