Fakir Mohan Senapati born on January 13, 1843, at Mallikashpur in Balasore, played a leading role in establishing the distinct identity of Odia, a language mainly spoken in the Indian state of Odisha.
Fakirmohan Senapati is regarded as the father of Odia nationalism and modern Odia literature. Born to Laxman Charan Senapati and Tulsi Devi Senapati, Fakirmohan dedicated his life to the progress of Odia language in the later 19th and early 20th century.
The story of Fakirmohan is indeed the story of the ‘Renaissance’ of Odia literature. Besides he was a social reformer and educator who used his pen to criticize and correct the aberrations prevalent in the society. He is called the father of Odia fiction. In his native place, school, colleges and universities are constructed in his memory like Fakir Mohan College and Fakir Mohan University.