Bagha Matha, Khaki Matha, Hati Matha
and Nirmohi Matha
All four mathas (akhadas) were established for defense purposes by
King Narasingh Deva I. They were composed of strong, brave sadhus whose
function was to guard the temple.
pratimas (small, easily transported images that represent the larger
deities) of Lord Jagannath, Lady Subhadra and Lord Balabhadra visit the
gardens of this matha on different festival days, like Basanta Panchami, the
1st, 4th, 5th and 12th days of the bright fortnight of Falguna. The
Jagannatha Ballava Matha supplies ornaments of flowers (eg. tilaka and
jhumpa) for Badasinghara Vesha. It supplies kora (a sweet) for Kaliya Dalana
Vesha and Pralambasura Badha Vesha. This matha also provides dayana for the
dayana chori ritual. It is situated on Puri's Grand Road, the site of the
Ratha Yatra. It has no Mahanta, but is directed by a board working under the
Comissioner of the State of Orissa.
is located near the south gate of the temple. It supplies tahia for four
festivals, namely Snana Purnim, Ratha Yatra, Return Ratha Yatra and
Niladribije. It also provides part of the Hati Vesha, tuli for pahandi and
an amount of sandalwood for Sarbhanga neeti on Khalilagi ekadasi and flower
garlands for Nabanka bedha. In addition, Raghava Das Matha offers adhara pana
bhoga and Panti bhoga on specific festival days.
Atibadi Jagannath Das, the early 16th century poet-saint of Orissa, this
matha supplies the materials for some of the rituals. The matha provides trimundi chandua and silk clothes for Chaka apasara, till oil for Phooluri
neeti, oil and ghee for Deva deepawali. It also repairs Kanakamundi, offers
Chakata bhoga in Anasara and adharpana bhoga and Panti bhoga on certain
days. On the day of Neeladri bije, the Mahanta makes manjana of
Established by Ramanujacarya, this matha provides chandrika and
chausara fashioned from flowers for the Lords' Badasingha Vesha, mala and
chula for the Nabanka ritual. Emar Matha offers pana bhoga during the time of
anasara and bala bhoga during the month of Kartika.
offers panti bhoga, and provides the makara chula and part of the Hati Vesha
on Snana Purnim. Makara chula is also supplied for Makara
about 1000 years ago by the great Sankaracarya (an incarnation of Shiva) in
the Swargadwar area (Puri's cremation site at the shore of the Bay of
Bengal). One story goes that Puri became on the the four holy dhamas (abodes
of the Lord) due to the presence of this matha. The head of this matha, also
given the title Sankaracarya, also assumes the role of chief (nayak) of the
Muktimandap of the Jagannath temple. The temple authorities consult him
regarding religious and ritual matters as necessary.
near the Lion Gate, this matha performs kirtan during Mangala Arati, Pahuda
Arati and Bala Dhup. They do the Padma Vesha and offer Kshira
provides ornaments made from flowers like alaka and chausara during Chandan
Yatra. It makes majanaof ratnavedi at the time of banaklagi, provides
adhibas jala from the well of Sitala for Snana Purnima, and offers panti
bhoga to Dola Gobinda at the time of Agni Utscaba. The Mahanta of the Suna
Goswami Matha is also the Mahanta of the Darpa Narayana Matha
next to the Emar Matha, this matha is associated with the Guru Nanak sect. The
matha provides a sacrificial ram to be offered to Goddess Bimala on the
annual Maha Navami night. .
matha of the Guru Nanak sect.
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism, stayed in this matha
when he visited Puri in 1510 AD. Some of his personal possesions have been
Kothabhoga Matha and Mahabir
Mahantas of these two mathas (as well as a few others) are entitled to do
Upachara Chamara Seva, but they seldom do. These mathas are controlled by the
State Endowment Commissioner.
Chaulia Matha and Delhi Balak Ram Das
These two mathas are under the control of the Jagannath Temple Managing Committee. The
Delhi Balak Ram Das Math is located near the Gundicha Mandir.
is controlled by a committee subordinate to the Chairmanship of the
Collector, Puri. It is in the Swargadwar area, at the burial site of Atibadi
Jagannath Das, who translated the Bhagavata Purana into Oriya.
located near Swargadwar, this matha is associated with the Kabir sect.
According to tradition, the mystic poet, Kabir stayed at this matha when he
located outside of Puri near Kakatpur village, performs a function in the
Other Mathas Associated with Ritual
Worship in the Jagannnath Temple:
Sri Ram Das Matha or Dakshina Parshwa Matha, Uttara
Parshwa Matha, Trimali Matha, Mahiprakas Matha, Sankarananda Matha, Gangamata Matha, Radhaballava Matha, Labanikhia Matha, Chhauni Matha, Jhadu Matha, Papudia Matha, Nebal
Das Matha, Devagiri Matha, Pipila Sadabarta Matha, Sanachhata Matha, Jhanjapita Matha,
Samadhi Matha, Balaram Kota Matha, Badasantha Matha, Ramji Matha, Sidhabakula Matha, Venkatachari Matha, Narasinghachari Matha, Ghumusara Matha
A Few Maths Not Associated with the
Chaitanya Gaudiya Matha
Purusottama Gaudiya Matha