Jagabandhu Bidyadhar Mohapatra Bhramarbar Rai popularly known as “Bakshi Jagabandhu or “Paika Bakshi” was the commander (Bakshi) of the forces of the king of Khordha.
He is one of the earliest freedom fighters of India. The great Paik Rebellion in 1817 was originated under his leadership.
Jagabandhu Bidyadhar had got the title of Bakshi in inheritance from his ancestors which represents the rank of the commander of the forces of the King of Khurda. It was the rank second only to the king. His family was provided with Jagirs (grants of lands and other requisites) and the estate of ‘Killa Rorang’ for generations by theKing of Khurda.
It was the first rebellion of the paika (soldiers of Odisha) with the support of common people against the British Rule. The land revenue policy of the British was the primary cause of the rebellion in 1817.
Also See – Chakhi Khuntia – Freedom Fighters Of Odisha
The rent free land tenures provided to the soldiers for their military service on a hereditary basis were taken away in the settlement by Major Fletcher as their service were not required anymore. This policy resulted in the deprivation of Bakshi Jagabandhu from his estates and forced him to depend on the voluntary contributions from the people of Khurda.